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Mesothelioma Full Diagnosis: Only Prepared Patients Can Survive This Cancer








MESOTHELIOMA DIAGNOSIS

Doctors use various tests to diagnose mesothelioma, including image imaging, blood tests, biomarkers, and biopsies. Early detection is the best way to increase your chances of survival. If you have been diagnosed with mesothelioma, connect with a specialist who can help you make a personalized treatment plan.

UNDERSTANDING HOW MESOTHELIOMA WORKS.

If you or someone you love is diagnosed with mesothelioma, you may have many questions that appear in your head:

How do I get this terrible disease?
Should I get a second opinion?
What does this diagnosis mean for me, my family, and other people I care about?
Could I be misdiagnosed?
How can I pay for treatment?


These and similar questions are very reasonable. The best way to get information about your particular situation is to connect with a mesothelioma doctor who can answer your questions or read mesothelioma articles as many as you can do.

How Mesothelioma Is Diagnosed

In most cases, cancer specialists will approach the diagnosis of mesothelioma with the first test to see if other more common diseases cause symptoms. As part of this process, the doctor will get a complete medical history of the patient, which may include asking about any exposure to asbestos.
From there, doctors will usually carry out a series of tests, such as imaging scans and blood tests. If this initial test shows the potential for mesothelioma, a biopsy will be taken. A biopsy procedure is the only test that can positively confirm the diagnosis of mesothelioma.

The Importance of Early Detection

Mesothelioma has a poor prognosis. However, many studies on this disease indicate that early detection and diagnosis can significantly increase the chances of survival. Catching mesothelioma before spreading can improve the effectiveness of treatment, and open up opportunities to try more aggressive treatments that may not be available.
As a result, much research and development around mesothelioma focuses on improving detection and diagnosis of disease. This includes the latest development of a new biomarker blood test, which can detect the presence of substances that indicate mesothelioma may be in the body.

How Doctors Diagnose Mesothelioma

There are three main types of tests used to diagnose mesothelioma: imaging, blood tests, and biopsies. Doctors usually carry out the earliest invasive tests, followed by tests that are more involved if they are guaranteed.

Imaging Scans
Diagnostic imaging tests, such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs, help doctors get information about cancer, including the extent of its development. Each method has its benefits and limitations.


X-ray
X-rays are generally used to diagnose many conditions, diseases, and injuries. They can be very helpful in finding fluids in the lungs, often an early sign of mesothelioma. 

CT scan
Computer Tomography (CT) scans provide a series of X-ray images to form 3D images, allowing the tumor to look easier.

MRI
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans provide a 3D model with a much higher resolution than other imaging methods. This can help in diagnosing mesothelioma metastasis.

PET Scan
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan using injection of radioactive isotopes that can be seen by the scanner. PET scans can help distinguish benign and malignant tumors.







Blood Test.
In recent years, a number of blood tests have been developed to identify substances in the blood that can indicate the presence of mesothelioma cancer cells. The presence of these substances, known as biomarkers, does not always indicate a diagnosis of mesothelioma, but they can provide useful information that can indicate the need for biopsy. Biomarker tests are also known as "tests."

Diagnosis of Mesothelioma

Doctors use various tests to diagnose mesothelioma, including image imaging, blood tests, biomarkers, and biopsies. Early detection is the best way to increase your chances of survival. If you have been diagnosed with mesothelioma, connect with a specialist who can help you make a personalized treatment plan.

As a result, much research and development around mesothelioma focuses on improving detection and diagnosis of disease. This includes the latest development of a new biomarker blood test, which can detect the presence of substances that indicate mesothelioma may be in the body.

BIOMARKER

In recent years, a number of blood tests have been developed to identify substances in the blood that can indicate the presence of mesothelioma cancer cells. The presence of these substances, known as biomarkers, does not always indicate a diagnosis of mesothelioma, but they can provide useful information that can indicate the need for biopsy. Biomarker tests are also known as "tests."

MESOMARK®


This examination looks for the presence of mesothelin, glycoproteins (sugars and protein molecules) which are produced in excessive amounts by mesothelioma cells. In particular, the MESOMARK® test for mesothelin-related peptides (SMRP), which is made when mesothelin is dissolved in the bloodstream.


N-ERC / Mesotheli


Another by-product of mesothelin, N-ERC / Mesothelin is a protein fragment that dissolves in the bloodstream. Initial tests show a 95% sensitivity for testing, potentially making it one of the most accurate blood tests for mesothelioma, if the results can be confirmed.


Fibulin-3


Like other glycoproteins, Fibulin-3 is similar to mesothelin because it is produced in higher concentrations by mesothelioma cells. However, existing research has shown irregular results, with some questions about the accuracy of the tests. The Fibulin-3 test, however, can be useful in distinguishing between malignant and benign lung diseases.


HMGB1

Recent studies have shown that testing for certain proteins - a group of high mobility protein boxes 1 (HMGB1) - can not only positively detect individuals with mesothelioma, but can also identify individuals who have been exposed to asbestos but have not developed the disease. Additional trials are needed to confirm the results.


Osteopontin


Osteopontin, which is a glycoprotein like mesothelin, is also produced in high amounts by mesothelioma. Unfortunately, this particular biomarker is a diagnostic tool that is less accurate than other tests, because osteopontin is also produced by other types of cancer, as well as kidney stones and ischemic strokes.

Biopsy Mesothelioma

Biopsy is an important diagnostic procedure recommended by doctors for patients who show signs and symptoms of mesothelioma that have a history of asbestos exposure. Some biopsies can be minimally invasive (for example, fine needle aspiration) while others can involve major surgical procedures (for example, thoracoscopy).

The general purpose of a biopsy is to get a sample of cancerous tissue. This tissue is then examined under a microscope by a histologist, who can determine whether the tumor is mesothelioma, some other cancers, or other diseases altogether.

Needle

The most invasive way to get a biopsy is through fine needle aspiration, which attracts fluid containing cancer cells to be studied. In many cases, needle biopsy is not enough to collect enough tissue for analysis.


Type of needle biopsy:


· Thoracentesis

· Paracentesis


· Pericardiocentesis


· Camera-Assisted


Through minimally invasive surgery, doctors can use a small tube with a camera inside to see and take tissue samples from patients.


Type of camera assisted biopsy:


· Thoracoscopy


· Laparoscopy


· Mediastinoscopy


· Surgery


Depending on the location of the tumor, a needle or camera-assisted biopsy may not be possible. In such cases, obtaining a biopsy may require an open surgical procedure to collect tissue samples for study.

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