Stage 2 Mesothelioma: Why People Have Low Life Expectancy

Stage 2 Mesothelioma
Stage 2 mesothelioma is best characterized by limited spread to surrounding organs and tissues. Some cases of mesothelioma are caught in Stage 2 or earlier, and individuals typically live only about 19 months or less.

The four-level staging system is used in categorizing the progress and severity of cancer. For mesothelioma, Stage 2 is considered the initial stage of the disease, usually distinguished by the spread of cancer cells that are limited to the organs and surrounding tissues.

Stage 2 Mesothelioma
Although with Stage 2 there have been multiple spreads, and the possibility of lymph node involvement, the disease usually does not metastasize outside the initial area where it was first developed. Symptoms usually begin to become somewhat visible at this stage.

Stage 2 Definition of Mesothelioma
Three mesothelioma staging systems provide a different picture of Stage 2 mesothelioma:

1. Butchart system
Cancer has spread to the pleura from both lungs. This may have spread to the esophagus or the lining of the heart, and has lymph node involvement.

2. TNM system
Stage 2 mesothelioma patients are candidates for surgery. However, some lymph node involvement may be present.

3. Brigham system
Stage 2 mesothelioma patients are candidates for surgery. However, some lymph node involvement may be present.

Stage 2 Symptoms of Mesothelioma
Symptoms of stage 2 mesothelioma are usually not as extreme as later stages, but they will begin to get worse when the disease spreads further.

The most common symptoms of Stage 2 are:
Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
Chronic cough
Chest pain
Weight loss without reason

Prognosis from Stage 2 Mesothelioma
The 5-year survival rate of mesothelioma patients diagnosed in Stage 2 is around 15 percent, which is somewhat better than the overall level. However, in general, the prognosis for Stage 2 mesothelioma is still very bad, with an average life expectancy of 19 months.

When knowing the early stages of the disease, mesothelioma patients generally have a good chance of extending their lives through curative care. However, the survival time of certain patients depends on their individual circumstances, including the location of the cancer, histology (cell type), and other factors such as the overall health, age and sex of the patient.

Treatment Options for Stage 2 Mesothelioma
Stage 2 mesothelioma treatment usually includes multimodal therapy - a combination of joint surgery with chemotherapy and / or radiation. In many cases, treatment is given with the aim of inserting the disease into remission.

In cases where curative treatment is not possible, some therapists can provide palliative care, which can help relieve pain and discomfort associated with the disease.

Surgery includes attempts to remove tumors, such as extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) or pleurectomy with decortication (P / D).

Chemotherapy Mesothelioma is usually given as a neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment to help kill cancer cells that are not surgically removed.

Radiation can be given before or after surgery to help prevent the spread or repetition of mesothelioma cells.

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