Understanding the Symptoms of Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma Cancer
What is Mesothelioma? Mesothelioma is a serious malignant tumor that affects the human body. There is a strong relationship between mesothelioma and contact with asbestos particles through breathing or swallowing.

There are three common forms of mesothelioma:

1. Pleural Mesothelioma is the most common form of mesothelioma. It starts in the chest cavity (after inhaling particles) before spreading to other areas.

2. Peritoneal mesothelioma starts in the stomach (after ingesting particles) and accounts for about 10-20% of Mesothelioma patients.

3. Pericardial mesothelioma is the rarest form of mesothelioma.

It starts in the cavity that surrounds the heart. Mesothelioma is difficult to diagnose early because the symptoms are often misinterpreted as symptoms of other diseases that are less serious. To make matters worse, it often takes years for symptoms to appear after contact with asbestos occurs. Individuals with a history of extended exposure to asbestos are at the highest risk for developing malignant mesothelioma. 

Even small exposure to cancer-causing ingredients can cause malignant mesothelioma. However, mesothelioma has a latency of up to thirty forty years, and many people who were previously exposed to asbestos now show symptoms. This means the average age of mesothelioma patients is between 50 and 70 years. Men are usually more affected, because of the general presence of asbestos in industrial settings. There are three main types of malignant mesothelioma. Epithelium, saromatoid, and mixture.

Symptoms may include, but are not limited to respiratory disorders, lasting coughs, and pneumonia. In addition, symptoms are often misinterpreted as a less serious disease, and many patients do not show signs at all. Individuals with pleural mesothelioma can collect fluid between the layers of the lungs and chest cavity. This can be detected through chest X-rays, and CT scans. Mesothelioma diagnosis is based on biopsy. This test will test tissue samples for the presence of malignant and / or pleural mesothelioma. Causes of Mesothelioma Asbestos is the main cause of Mesothelioma.

Asbestos is a type of insulating material, commonly used in the past in the following industries: Steel Brake Workers Mechanical Insulators Boilermakers Shipbuilders Maintenance Maintenance of Pipe Fitters Workers Construction industry Shipping industry Automotive industry Other manufacturing industries Mesothelioma most commonly occurs in people working in industries above and exposed to asbestos in their workplace. The use of asbestos was very common after the 1940s. But it will take 10-40 years after the first exposure to the first symptoms of mesothelioma becomes real, which makes it very difficult to diagnose.

The peak in the case of mesothelioma is projected to be reached close to 2010 according to the studies. There are three types of asbestos that are often used: white, brown, and blue. Brown and blue asbestos are more commonly associated with mesothelioma. This type of asbestos was limited by most countries in the 1990s.

Records of asbestos exposure in the workplace are reported to be around 70 percent to 80 percent of all cases. Asbestos is a material that is very dangerous and can cause serious damage to your health. These are made of very small fibers, which can find their way to the pleura (outside the lining of the lungs) and damage cells made of pleura.

These fibers can also be passed on to clothing, which makes them dangerous not only to people exposed to asbestos, but also to their family members. 


Smoking does not seem to increase the risk of mesotheliomaHowever, the combination of smoking and asbestos exposure drastically increases a person's risk of developing cancer of the airways in the lungs. Symptoms of Mesothelioma Symptoms of mesothelioma may not manifest until 30 to 50 years after exposure to asbestos. Shortness of breath and pain in the chest due to fluid buildup in the pleura is often a symptom of pleural mesothelioma.

Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma

Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma include weight loss and abdominal pain and swelling due to accumulation of fluid in the stomach. Other symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma may include intestinal obstruction, blood clotting abnormalities, anemia, and fever. If the cancer has spread outside the mesothelium to other parts of the body, symptoms may include pain, difficulty swallowing, or swelling of the neck or face. These symptoms can be caused by mesothelioma or by other, less serious conditions. It is important to see a doctor about these symptoms. Only doctors can make a diagnosis. After Mesothelioma is diagnosed, the chances of recovery vary according to the size and location of the tumor, how much is spread, and the age of the patient. In general, the earlier mesothelioma is diagnosed, the greater the survival. If you feel experienced, go to your doctor for professional advice.

Diagnosis of Mesothelioma 

Diagnosing mesothelioma is often complicated, because the symptoms are similar to some other conditions. Diagnosis begins with an assessment of the patient's medical history, as well as a history of asbestos exposure. Physical examination can be done, including x-rays of chest and lung function tests. CT (or CAT) or MRI scanning may also be useful.

A CT scan is a series of detailed images of the area created by a computer connected to an x-ray machine. In MRI, a strong magnet is connected to a computer that is used to create detailed images of areas in the body. These photos are seen on the monitor and can also be printed.

A biopsy is needed to confirm the diagnosis of mesothelioma. In a biopsy, surgeons or medical oncologists (doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating cancer) tissue samples for examination under a microscope by a pathologist.

Biopsies can be done in different ways, depending on where the abnormal area is found. If the cancer is in the chest, your doctor may have thoracoscopy. In this procedure, the doctor makes a small cut through the chest wall and places a thin tube called the thorax in the chest between two ribs. Thoracoscopy allows the doctor to look into the chest and get tissue samples. If the cancer is in the stomach, the doctor may perform peritoneoscopy.

To get the tissue for examination, the doctor makes a small hole in the abdomen and inserts a special instrument called the peritoneoscope into the abdominal cavity. This procedure does not produce sufficient tissue, wider diagnostic operations may be needed. If the diagnosis is mesothelioma, the doctor will want to study the stage and extent of the disease. Staging involves more tests in the right way to find out if the cancer has mushroomed and, if so, which part of the body.

Knowing the stage of the disease helps doctors plan treatment. 

Mesothelioma is described as localized if only found on the surface of the membrane where it originates. It is classified as advanced if it has exceeded the original membrane surface to other parts of the body, such as the lymph nodes, lungs, chest wall, or abdominal organs. Mesothelioma treatment Treatment for mesothelioma depends on the location of the cancer, the stage of the disease, and the patient's age and general well-being. Common treatment options consist of surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Sometimes, this treatment is combined.

Mesothelioma Surgery
Surgery is a treatment that is often done for mesothelioma. The doctor can remove parts of the lining of the chest or abdomen and some surrounding tissue. For pleural cancer (pleural mesothelioma), it can be removed in an operation called a pneumonectomy. Sometimes the diaphragm, the muscle that helps breathing, is also removed. Radiation therapy involves the use of high-energy rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation therapy affects cancer cells only in the treated area. Radiation may come from a machine (external radiation) or produce radiation through a thin plastic tube to the area where cancer cells are found (internal radiation therapy). Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer drugs to kill cancer cells throughout the body. Most drugs used to treat mesothelioma are given by injection into blood vessels (intravenously, or IV). Doctors also study chemotherapy directly to the chest or abdomen (intracavitary chemotherapy).

To relieve symptoms and control discomfort, doctors can use a thin needle or tube to drain the fluid that has accumulated in the chest or abdomen. The procedure for removing fluid from the chest is called thoracentesis. Removal of fluid from the stomach is called paracentesis. Medications can be given through a tube in the chest to prevent more fluid from accumulating. Radiation therapy and surgery may also be useful in reducing symptoms. Note Urgency Mesothelioma is a life-threatening disease and cannot be left untreated. The sooner the diagnosis is, the better the patient's chances of fighting this deadly cancer. Please contact a qualified doctor immediately if you or someone you know has been diagnosed with mesothelioma.

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